FAQ: How can the sun burn without oxygen?

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How is the sun on fire without oxygen?

The Sun does not “burn”, like we think of logs in a fire or paper burning. The Sun glows because it is a very big ball of gas, and a process called nuclear fusion is taking place in its core. Hydrogen really doesn’t burn, it fuses, into helium. So no oxygen is required!

Can fire exist without oxygen?

A fire cannot burn without oxygen. It should be noted that in the presence of carbon, nitrogen and oxygen, stars heavier than the Sun may burn hydrogen to helium by using the C, N and O as catalysts. Even in these stars, however, an absence of oxygen does not prevent nuclear burning.

What makes the sun keep burning?

The sun, like the rest of the universe, is made mostly of hydrogen. There isn’t enough oxygen in the entire solar system to keep the surface of the sun burning through chemical combustion for more than a very short time—probably hours. Instead, the sun’s heat and light comes from thermonuclear fusion.

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What does the sun burn for fuel?

The sun burns hydrogen — a lot of it, several hundred million tons per second.

What color is the sun?

The color of the sun is white. The sun emits all colors of the rainbow more or less evenly and in physics, we call this combination “white”. That is why we can see so many different colors in the natural world under the illumination of sunlight.

What year will the Sun die?

In roughly 5 billion years, the sun will run out of energy and drastically alter the solar system. Oceans will be baked dry. Entire planets will be consumed. And long-icy worlds will finally enjoy their day in the sun.

Why is Blue Fire the hottest?

The color blue indicates a temperature even hotter than white. Blue flames have more oxygen and get hotter because gases burn hotter than organic materials, such as wood. When natural gas is ignited in a stove burner, the gases quickly burn at a very high temperature, yielding mainly blue flames.

Does fire consume oxygen?

Fire does use oxygen when it burns. But it also produces carbon dioxide. An oxygen molecule has two oxygen atoms in it. Fires use this to produce carbon dioxide by adding a single carbon atom from the fire’s fuel (wood, for instance).

How does oxygen affect fire?

Oxygen. Air contains about 21 percent oxygen, and most fires require at least 16 percent oxygen content to burn. Oxygen supports the chemical processes that occur during fire. When fuel burns, it reacts with oxygen from the surrounding air, releasing heat and generating combustion products (gases, smoke, embers, etc.).

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Is the sun getting bigger?

Because the Sun continues to ‘burn’ hydrogen into helium in its core, the core slowly collapses and heats up, causing the outer layers of the Sun to grow larger. It is a very gradual process, and in the last 4 billion years, the Sun has barely grown by perhaps 20 percent at most.

How long will the sun burn for?

Stars like our Sun burn for about nine or 10 billion years. So our Sun is about halfway through its life. But don’t worry. It still has about 5,000,000,000—five billion—years to go.

Can we stop the sun from dying?

Our planet’s ultimate destiny is to be baked, blasted, and eventually disintegrated. There’s nothing we can do to prevent this cataclysm. Yet according to scientists who study the far future, including Yale University astronomer Gregory Laughlin, the prospect for life is, oddly, rather bright.

Will the sun ever run out of fuel?

Some 3.5 billion years from now, the Sun will be 40% brighter than today. And, in about 5.4 billion years, the Sun will run out of hydrogen fuel, marking the end of its main sequence phase.

Does the sun give us oxygen?

Nothing is more important to us on Earth than the Sun. Without the Sun’s heat and light, the Earth would be a lifeless ball of ice-coated rock. The Sun warms our seas, stirs our atmosphere, generates our weather patterns, and gives energy to the growing green plants that provide the food and oxygen for life on Earth.

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Can the sun explode?

In about 5 billion years, the Sun will start to run out of hydrogen in its core to fuse, and it will begin to collapse. This will let the Sun start to fuse heavier elements in the core, along with fusing hydrogen in a shell wrapped around the core.

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